Smart Surveillance: A Holistic Approach for Future-Proof Solutions

Technical report


Hauke Vagts


Technical report IES-2009-08. In: Jürgen Beyerer, Marco Huber (eds.), Proceedings of the 2009 Joint Workshop of Fraunhofer IOSB and Institute for Anthropomatics, Vision and Fusion Laboratory, KIT Scientific Publishing, 2009.



Surveillance systems have become increasingly powerful. Conventional camera-based systems are extended with all kind of sensors, the number of data sources increases, hardware and algorithms improve, and data can potentially be shared between interlinked networks. Smart surveillance systems take advantage of these developments and do not threaten solely the protection of privacy; they also provide an opportunity to achieve data and privacy protection on a new level. The current legal situation for 'obsolete' surveillance deployments has not been explored and is quite heterogeneous. Hence the Fair Information Principles (FIP) are still the minimum privacy requirements for surveillance systems.

This contribution identifies the key challenges for security and privacy in smart surveillance that must be mastered in any future-proof system. Subsequently two potential solutions are presented that solve two of them. Privacy issues are addressed by the Privacy Manager (PM), a framework for privacy enforcement in smart surveillance architectures that achieves compliance with the FIP. Authenticity of surveillance sensors is a security challenge, and a Web of Trust for smart Surveillance Sensors is proposed that can be established between surveillance operators.