Influence of user's mental model on natural gaze behavior during human-computer interaction

Conference paper

Links:
Authors:

Thomas Bader
Jürgen Beyerer

Source:

Workshop on Eye Gaze in Intelligent Human Machine Interaction, 2011.

Conference:

International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, 2nd Workshop on Eye Gaze in Intelligent Human Machine Interaction, Palo Alto, California, USA, February 13, 2011

Natural gaze behavior during human-computer interaction provides valuable information about user’s cognitive processes and intentions. Including it as an additional input modality therefore provides great potential to improve human-computer interaction. However, the relations between natural gaze behavior and underlying cognitive processes still is unexplored to a large extend. In this paper we identify and characterize major factors influencing natural gaze behavior during human-computer interaction with a focus on the role of user’s mental model about the interactive system in that context. In a user study we investigate how natural gaze behavior can be influenced by interaction design and point out implications for usage of gaze as additional modality in gaze-based interfaces.