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The Hybrid Density Filter for Nonlinear Estimation based on Hybrid Conditional Density Approximation



Marco F. Huber
Uwe D. Hanebeck


Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Information Fusion (Fusion), Juli 2007.

In nonlinear Bayesian estimation it is generally inevitable to incorporate approximate descriptions of the exact estimation algorithm. There are two possible ways to involve approximations: Approximating the nonlinear stochastic system model or approximating the prior probability density function. The key idea of the introduced novel estimator called Hybrid Density Filter relies on approximating the nonlinear system, thus approximating conditional densities. These densities nonlinearly relate the current system state to the future system state at predictions or to potential measurements at measurement updates. A hybrid density consisting of both Dirac delta functions and Gaussian densities is used for an optimal approximation. This paper addresses the optimization problem for treating the conditional density approximation. Furthermore, efficient estimation algorithms are derived based upon the special structure of the hybrid density, which yield a Gaussian mixture representation of the system state's density.