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Natural Gaze Behavior During Human-Computer Interaction under Varying Mental Models

Technischer Bericht


Thomas Bader


Technischer Bericht IES-2010-09. In: Jürgen Beyerer, Marco Huber (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the 2010 Joint Workshop of Fraunhofer IOSB and Institute for Anthropomatics, Vision and Fusion Laboratory, Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik, Bd. 7, KIT Scientific Publishing, 2010.





Natural gaze behavior during human-computer interaction provides valuable information about user’s cognitive processes and intentions. Including it as an additional input modality therefore provides great potential to improve human-computer interaction. However, the relations between natural gaze behavior and underlying cognitive processes still is unexplored to a large extend. In this paper we identify and characterize major factors influencing natural gaze behavior during human-computer interaction with a focus on the role of user’s mental model about the interactive system. In a user study we investigate how natural gaze behavior can be influenced by interaction design and point out implications for usage of gaze as additional modality in gaze-based interfaces.